|This glyph represents Oaxaca (name of a state in Mexico) whose real name in Nahuatl was Uaxacac which means "Place where the "guaje" vegetables begin. Uax(in) is the word for "guaje" a type of vegetable and yáca(tl) means nose, extension, point, or beginning. The -c at the end is a location suffix which denotes a place name.
|This glyph represents Toluca (capital of the state of Mexico) whose real Nahuatl name was Tollocan which means "Where the head is bowed down." Tol(oa) means to bow the head and means nose, extension, point, or beginning. This name required a suffix variant -lo used in name that ends in the letter L. The -can at the end is a location suffix which denotes a place name. This suffix is used after suffixes that end in -yo or -lo.
|This glyph represents Tlaxcala (a state capital city and a state in Mexico) whose real Nahuatl name was Tlaxcallan which means "Where there is an abundance of tortillas." Tlaxcal(li) means tortilla and it can also mean food. -lan is location suffix (variant of -tlan) and denotes an abundance of.
|This glyph represents Tenochtitlan (what is now Mexico City) which means "Where cactus grows from the rocks." Tetl means rock and Nochitli means nopal or cactus. -lan is location suffix (variant of -tlan) and denotes an abundance of.
Placename Stem English Gloss Acatlan acatl reed Acaxochitlan acatl-xochitl reed-flower Ajuchitlan atl-xochitl water-flower Camotlan camotli sweet potato Cihuatlan cihuatl woman Coatlan coatl snake Colotlan colotl scorpion Epatlan epatl skunk Huehuetlan huehue (teotl) old (god) Mazatlan mazatl deer Ocotlan ocotl pine tree Tecolotlan tecolotl owl Teocuitlatlan teotl-cuitlatl god-excrement Tepoztlan tepoztli iron or metal Tototlan tototl bird
Placename Stem English Gloss Acapulco acatl-pol reed-thick Atotonilco atl-totonil water-heated Jalisco xalli-ixtli sand-face Mexico metl-xictli maguey cactus-navel Teotlalco teotl-tlalli god-earth Zacualco tzacual closed
Placename Stem English Gloss Acaltepec atl-calli water-house (canoe) Coatepec coatl snake Chapultepec chapulin grasshopper Ecatepec ecatl wind Jocotepec xocotl sour, fruit Ocotepec ocotl pine tree
In the following examples, if the suffixes are given in the short list above, they are not repeated. Otherwise, all elements of the placenames are enumerated. Placename Analysis English Gloss Acapulco acatl-pol-co reed-thick Cuernavaca cuahuitl-nahuac tree-near Hueyapan huei-atl big-water Iztaccihuatl iztac-cihuatl white-woman Michoacan michin-hua-can fish-haver-place Popocatepetl popoca-tepetl smoke-hill Tuxpan tochtli rabbit Xochimilco xochitl-milli flower-field
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